Stirling scotland dating
By 1313, only Stirling, Roxburgh, Edinburgh and Berwick castles were held by the English.Edward Bruce, the king's brother, laid siege to Stirling, which was held by Sir Philip Mowbray.King Edward failed to relieve the garrison, who were forced to surrender.The Scots, under Sir William Oliphant, surrendered on 20 July, but part of the garrison were ordered back into the castle by Edward, as he had not yet deployed his latest engine, "Warwolf".
King William I formed a deer park to the south-west of the castle, but after his capture by the English in 1174, he was forced to surrender several castles, including Stirling and Edinburgh, under the Treaty of Falaise.His passing triggered a succession crisis, with Edward I of England invited to arbitrate between competing claimants.Edward came north in 1291, demanding that Stirling, along with the other royal castles, be put under his control during the arbitration.Many of the garrison were killed during the battle, after which the English commanders Sir William Fitz Warin and Sir Marmaduke Tweng retreated into the castle.
However, they were quickly starved into surrender by the Scots.
It is surrounded on three sides by steep cliffs, giving it a strong defensive position.